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Paper Title : Mechanical Engineering in Ancient Egypt, Part 91: Cisterns Management
ISSN : 2395-1303
Year of Publication : 2020
MLA Style: -Galal Ali Hassaan " Mechanical Engineering in Ancient Egypt, Part 91: Cisterns Management" Volume 6 - Issue 4(63-70) July - August,2020 International Journal of Engineering and Techniques (IJET) ,ISSN:2395-1303 , www.ijetjournal.org
APA Style: -Galal Ali Hassaan " Mechanical Engineering in Ancient Egypt, Part 91: Cisterns Management" Volume 6 - Issue 4(63-70) July - August,2020 International Journal of Engineering and Techniques (IJET) ,ISSN:2395-1303 , www.ijetjournal.org
- The ancient Egyptians succeeded to use the River Nile in an optimal way to get maximum benefit from its sweet water. They designed, produced and used portable cisterns to store water for domestic uses. The paper outlines the development of portable cisterns over an era from the Predynastic to the Ptolemaic Periods. It presents the effort of the ancient Egyptians to construct underground cisterns during the Second Intermediate, New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Periods. It highlights the possibility of using modern depressions and lakes to store sweet water up to 1412 km3 which is big enough for the Egyptian demand of sweet water and opens the door for water exportation to neighbor countries.
• Emeritus Professor of System Dynamics and Automatic Control. • Has got his B.Sc. and M.Sc. from Cairo University in 1970 and 1974. • Has got his Ph.D. in 1979 from Bradford University, UK under the supervision of Late Prof. John Parnaby. • Now with the Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, EGYPT. • Research on Automatic Control, Mechanical Vibrations, Mechanism Synthesis and History of Mechanical Engineering. • Published more than 265 research papers in international journals and conferences. • Author of books on Experimental Systems Control, Experimental Vibrations and Evolution of Mechanical Engineering. • Chief Editor of the International Journal of Computer Techniques and International Journal of Engineering and Techniques. • Member of the Editorial Board of some international journals. • Reviewer in some international journals.
Mechanical Engineering history, Cistern management, Portable cisterns, Underground cisterns.