Submit your paper : editorIJETjournal@gmail.com
Paper Title : Natural Gas Discoveries and Proposed Gas Transport Pipelines in the Mediterranean Basin.
ISSN : 2395-1303
Year of Publication : 2021
MLA Style: -Adil ASSAF , Mükerrem ŞAHİN "Natural Gas Discoveries and Proposed Gas Transport Pipelines in the Mediterranean Basin. " Volume 7 - Issue 1(11-20) January - February,2021 International Journal of Engineering and Techniques (IJET) ,ISSN:2395-1303 , www.ijetjournal.org
APA Style: -Adil ASSAF , Mükerrem ŞAHİN "Natural Gas Discoveries and Proposed Gas Transport Pipelines in the Mediterranean Basin. " Volume 7 - Issue 1(11-20) January - February,2021 International Journal of Engineering and Techniques (IJET) ,ISSN:2395-1303 , www.ijetjournal.org
- This study tries to highlight the gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean region in addition to the current and proposed energy transmission pipelines, which will draw a map of energy in the region and show what the international conflict is from an energy perspective. A series of massive natural gas discoveries in the Levantine Basin changed the strategies of the Eastern Mediterranean region. Natural gas discoveries are likely to benefit the entire region, whether by meeting domestic gas needs and exporting the surplus from these reserves or through transport pipeline projects and gas liquefaction terminals. All options in the eastern Mediterranean to develop offshore gas reserves remain wide open and depend on political developments, security, and economic conditions that are rapidly developing, and finding approaches such as everyone is winning and not excluding any Party in the region from the benefit of these resources.
 Seddon D. Gas usage & value: the technology and economics of natural gas use in the process industries Oklahoma: PennWell Books. 2006.  S. Shafiee and E. Topal. When will fossil fuel reserves be diminished? Australia: Energy policy, vol. 37, pp. 181-189. 2009. International Energy Agency IEA. The Covid-19 crisis highlights LNG’s key role in global natural gas security. 2020.  Breeze P. The Natural Gas Resource. In Breeze P. Gas-Turbine Power Generation.: ACADEMIC PRESS; 2016. p. Pages 9-19.  BP. Statistical Review of World Energy. London, United Kingdom,: BP p.l.c,; 2019.  Enerdata. Global Energy Statistical Yearbook 2020. [Online].; 2020 [cited 2020 10 22. Available from: https://yearbook.enerdata.net/natural-gas/world-natural-gas-production-statistics.html.  J. Stocker. No EEZ Solution: The Politics of Oil and Gas in the Eastern Mediterranean. Middle East Journal, Vol. 66 (4) 2012, p. 579.  John V. Bowlus. Eastern Mediterranean gas: Testing the field, chief of Energy Reporters May 2020. ECFR/322. ISBN 978-1-913347-22-2. [9 Ratner, M. Natural gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean. 2016.  U.S. Energy Information Administration. Overview of Oil and Natural Gas in the Eastern Mediterranean Region Geology, Analysis at https://www.eia.gov/beta/international/regions topics.cfm?RegionTopicID=EM , p. 29, 2019. (last visited 17 october 2020).  Schenk, C. J., et al. Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Levant Basin Province, Eastern Mediterranean. US Geological Survey Fact Sheet 3014.4. 2010.  British Petroleum, BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2016, BP Statistical Review Natural Gas. 2016.  Özgür, H. K. Eastern Mediterranean hydrocarbons: Regional potential, challenges ahead, and the ‘hydrocarbon-ization’of the Cyprus problem. Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs, 22(2), 31-56. (2017).  US Energy information Administration. Overview of oil and natural gas in East Mediterranean region. 2013  Bufman, M., Raz, E. and Hager, N. The potential of the natural gas in the Israel economy, BANK LEUMI LE-ISRAEL, Tel Aviv, available at: www.chamber.org.il/media/150344/thepotential-of-natural-gas-in-the-israeli-economy-april-2014.pdf (accessed 22 october 2020).  Wurmser, D. (2013), The geopolitics of Israel’s offshore gas reserves, Jerusalem center for public affairs. 2013.  Darbouche, H., El-katiri, L. and Fattouh, B. East Mediterranean gas: what kind of a gamechanger?, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies (OIES), p. 4, 2012.  Khadduri, W. East mediterranean gas: reality and expectations, The Journal of Palestine Studies, Spring, Vol. 22 No. 86, p. 76. 2011. Shaffer, B. Israel-New natural gas producer in the mediterranean, Energy Policy, Vol. 39 No. 9, p. 5380. 2011. Reuters. Noa well starts supplying Israel with natural gas, available at: www.reuters.com/ article/2012/06/24/us-noa-israel. 2012. (accessed 22 october 2020).  Sharof, H. Israel and offshore gas, National Council for Researches and Opinion Polls, available at: http://ncro.sy/?p=1952. 2015. Yeshayahou, K. Delek, noble energy discover gas at Tanin well, Globes, 2012. available at: www. globes.co.il/en/article-1000721723 (accessed 22 october 2020).  The Economist (2017), “Israel has a gas conundrum”, available at: www.economist.com/news/middleeast-and-africa/21726744-egypt-could-help-israel-get-rid-its-excess-gas-israel-has-gas-conundrum (accessed 22 october 2020).  Henderson, J. (2017), “Russian LNG: progress and delay in 2017”, Energy Insight, The Oxford Institute for Energy studies, Oxford, p. 12,  Politi, J. and Farchy, J. (2016), “Eni sells 30% stake in Egyptian gas field to Rosneft”, The Financial Times, available at: www.ft.com/content/257abfdc-c070-11e6-9bca-2b93a6856354 (accessed 22 october 2020).  Bowlus, John V. "Eastern Mediterranean gas: Testing the field." European Council of Foreign Relations–ECFR (2020).  Caspian Barrel. ”ExxonMobil Discovered Gas Field on Cyprus Shelf.” 1 March 2019 (http://caspianbarrel.org/en/2019/03/exxonmobil-discovered-gas-field-on-cyprus-shelf/) . Delek Drilling.” Tamar – building energy independence,” available at: https://www.delekdrilling.com/natural-gas/gas-fields/Tamar (accessed 26 october 2020).  Delek Drilling. ”Leviathan: a regional energy anchor,” available at: https://www.delekdrilling.com/natural-gas/gas-fields/leviathan (accessed 26 october 2020).  Delek Drilling. ” The first natural gas field in Cyprus,” available at: https://www.delekdrilling.com/natural-gas/gas-fields/ Aphrodite (accessed 26 october 2020).  Gorodeisky, S. “Major Cypriot offshore gas field discovered”, Globes [online], Israel Business News - www.globes-online.com - on February 4, 2018.  Eni discovers a supergiant gas field in the Egyptian offshore, the largest ever found in the Mediterranean Sea. Eni (press release). 30 August 2015. Retrieved 26 october 2020).  U.S. Energy Information Administration, “Overview of Oil and Natural Gas in the Eastern Mediterranean Region Geology”, Analysis, at https://www.eia.gov/international/content/analysis/regions_of_interest/Eastern_Mediterranean/eastern-mediterranean.pdf , p. 29, (last visited 28 october 2020).  Roberts, J. “The Eastern Mediterranean Energy Conundrum: Options and Challenges”, in David Koranyi (ed.), Egmont Paper; Energy in the Eastern Mediterranean: Promise or Peril?, 2014, at http://www.egmontinstitute.be/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ ep65.pdf, pp. 15–28, (last visisted 29 June 2017). Özgür, H. K. Eastern Mediterranean hydrocarbons: Regional potential, challenges ahead, and the ‘hydrocarbon-ization’of the Cyprus problem. Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs, 22(2), 31-56. 2017  The Arab Weekly. "EastMed pipeline project to fend off Turkish hegemony bid | Jareer Elass". 12 January 2020. Retrieved 29 october 2020.  Demiryol, T. "Natural gas and geopolitics in the Eastern Mediterranean. " Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung. At https://tr.boell.org/en/2020/09/07/natural-gas-and-geopolitics-eastern-mediterranean.  Kozma, T. "Turkey and the geopolitics of natural gas in the Eastern Mediterranean. " Trends research. At https://trendsresearch.org/insight/turkey-and-the-geopolitics-of-natural-gas-in-the-eastern-mediterranean/#_edn12. ( accessed in 09 December 2020).  Baconi, T. "A Flammable Peace: Why Gas Deals Wont End Conflict in the Middle East." ECFR Policy Brief. Disponible en: http://bit. ly/2XDeWKj (2017).  Prontera, A. Ruszel, M. " Energy Security in the Eastern Mediterranean. " Middle East Policy, Vol. XXIV, No. 3, Fall 2017.  Ioannis N. Grigoriadis. "Energy Discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean: Conflict or Cooperation?. " Middle East Policy, Vol. XXI, No. 3, Fall 2014.
Gas Discoveries, Eastern Mediterranean, Gas Transport Pipelines, Economic Peace.