By submitting an article to this journal you agree to comply with the following Publication Ethics and Malpractice Standards. These standards follow the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
1 . Duties and responsibilities of authors:
*Originality and Plagiarism - All manuscripts must be the original work of authors and not evidence plagiarism.
*Authorship of the Manuscript - Authorship of a manuscript should be limited to authors who have met the following authorship criteria.
1) made significant contribution;
2) drafted or revised the manuscript;
3) viewed and approved the final version of the paper for publication.
*Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication - Authors must not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
*Acknowledgement of sources - Authors must properly and accurately acknowledge the work of others. Information obtained from conversations or correspondence with a third party must not be reported without written permission.
*Disclosure and Conflicts of interest and financial support - authors should disclose any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript and acknowledge individuals or organisations that have provided financial support for research.
*Data access and retention - Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with manuscripts for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data if possible.
*Reporting standards - Authors should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
*Fundamental errors in published works - Authors must notify Editors of any significant errors or inaccuracies in his/her own published work to enable retraction or correction of the paper.
2 . Duties and responsibilities of editors:
In addition to many general duties, such as constantly improving the quality and integrity of the journal, striving to needs of authors and readers, encouraging academic debate, and others, the editors accept obligation to apply best will and practice to cope with the following responsibilities:
*Editorial board - It will be generated from recognized experts in the field. The editor will provide full names and affiliations of the members as well as updated contact information for the editorial office on the journal webpage.
*Publication Decisions - Editors are responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be reviewed and published.
*Peer review process - All of a journal?s content should be subjected to peer-review. Articles submitted for possible publication are subjected to a double-blind, peer review process. Articles are first reviewed by editors. The editor may reject it out of hand either because it is not dealing with the subject matter for that journal or because it is manifestly of a low quality so that it cannot be considered at all. Articles that are found suitable for review are then sent to two experts in the field of the paper. Referees of a paper are unknown to each other. Referees are asked to classify the paper as publishable immediately, publishable with amendments and improvements, or not publishable. Referees? evaluations usually include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript. Referees? comments are then seen by the author.
*Fair play - Editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
*Confidentiality - Editors will treat received manuscripts for review as confidential documents and will not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.
*Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest - Editors and any editorial staff will not use materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript (published or unpublished) for their own research without the author?s written authorization.
*Quality Assurance - Editors will implement processes to assure the quality of published material.
3 . Duties and responsibilities of reviewers:
*Confidentiality - Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.
*Standards of Objectivity - Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
*Contribution to Editorial Decision - Reviewers assist in the editorial decision process and as such should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
*Promptness - Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.
*Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest - Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
*Acknowledgement of Sources - Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.